Skripsi

Data Foreshocks ISC Bulletin, 0-4, 95-99, all depths, all mag, Mb Ms Mw, all mag author

Foreshocks, Mainshocks, and Aftershocks

Daftar pustaka skripsi:

Aiken, C., Z. Peng, dan K. Chao, 2013, Tremors along the Queen Charlotte margin triggered by large teleseismic earthquakes, Geophys. Res. Lett., 40, 829–834, doi:10.1002/grl.50220.

Ando, R., dan K. Imanishi, 2011, Possibility of Mw 9.0 mainshock triggered by diffusional propagation of after-slip from Mw 7.3 foreshock, Earth, Planets and Space, 63(7), 767–771, doi:10.5047/eps.2011.05.016.

Berg, E., 1968, Relation between earthquake foreshocks, stress and mainshocks, Nature, 219, 1141-1143, doi:10.1038/2191141a0.

Beroza, G. C., dan S. Ide, 2011, Slow earthquakes and nonvolcanic tremor, Annu. Rev. Earth Planet. Sci., 39, 271–296, doi:10.1146/annurev-earth-040809-152531.

BMKG, 2010a, Informasi Gempabumi yang Terjadi di Wilayah Indonesia dan Luar Wilayah Indonesia April 2010, Badan Meteorologi Klimatologi dan Geofisika (BMKG), http://inatews.bmkg.go.id/new/query_gmpqc.php, diakses Januari 2016.

BMKG, 2010b, Info Gempabumi Dirasakan 06 April 2010 Jam 16:58:57 WIB, Badan Meteorologi Klimatologi dan Geofisika (BMKG), http://inatews.bmkg.go.id/new/view_event_eq.php?catid=1862, diakses Januari 2016.

Bouchon,  M., V. Durand, D. Marsan, H. Karabulut, dan J. Schmittbuhl, 2013, The long precursory phase of most large interplate earthquakes, Nature Geoscience, 6, 299–302, doi:10.1038/ngeo1770.

Brodsky, E. E., 2011, The spatial density of foreshocks, Geophys. Res. Lett., 38, L10305, doi:10.1029/2011GL047253.

Brodsky, E. E., dan T. Lay, 2014, Recognizing foreshocks from the 1 April 2014 Chile earthquake, Science, 344, 6185, 700–702, doi: 10.1126/science.1255202.

Chao,  K., dan K. Obara, 2016, Triggered tectonic tremor in various types of fault systems of Japan following the 2012 Mw8.6 Sumatra earthquake, J. Geophys. Res. Solid Earth, 121, 170–187, doi:10.1002/2015JB012566.

Chao, K., Z. Peng, C. Wu, C.-C. Tang, dan C.-H. Lin, 2012, Remote triggering of non-volcanic tremor around Taiwan, Geophys. J. Int., 188, 301–324, doi:10.1111/j.1365-246X.2011.05261.x.

Chao, K., Z. Peng, H. Gonzalez-Huizar, C. Aiken, B. Enescu, H. Kao, A. A. Velasco, K. Obara, dan T. Matsuzawa, 2013, A global search for triggered tremor following the 2011 Mw 9.0 Tohoku earthquake, Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am., 103, 2B, 1551-1571, doi: 10.1785/0120120171.

Chen, X., dan P. M. Shearer, 2013, California foreshock sequences suggest aseismic triggering process, Geophys. Res. Lett., 40, 2602–2607, doi:10.1002/grl.50444.

Chen, X., dan P. M. Shearer, 2015, Analysis of foreshock sequences in California and implications for earthquake triggering, Pure Appl. Geophys., 173, 1, 133-152, doi: 10.1007/s00024-015-1103-0.

Coffin, M. F., L. M. Gahagan, dan L. A. Lawver, 1998, Present-day Plate Boundary Digital Data Compilation, University of Texas Institute for Geophysics Technical Report, 174.

Crotwell, H. P., T. J. Owens, dan J. Ritsema, 1999, The TauP Toolkit: Flexible seismic travel-time and ray-path utilities, Seismol. Res. Lett., 70, 2, 154–160, doi: 10.1785/gssrl.70.2.154.

Dodge, D. A., G. C. Beroza, dan W. L. Ellsworth, 1995, Foreshock sequence of the 1992 Landers, California, earthquake and its implications for earthquake nucleation, J. Geophys. Res., 100(B6), 9865–9880, doi: 10.1029/95JB00871.

Dodge, D. A., G. C. Beroza, dan W. L. Ellsworth, 1996, Detailed observations of California foreshock sequences: Implications for the earthquake initiation process, J. Geophys. Res., 101(B10), 22371–22392, doi:10.1029/96JB02269.

Doi, I., dan H. Kawakata, 2013, A non‐accelerating foreshock sequence followed by a short period of quiescence for a large inland earthquake, Geophys. Res. Lett., 39, L11308, doi:10.1029/2012GL051779.

Ellsworth, W. L., dan G. C. Beroza, 1995, Seismic evidence for an earthquake nucleation phase, Science, 268, 5212, 851–855, doi: 10.1126/science.268.5212.851.

Freiberger, W. F.,1963, An approximation method in signal detection, Quarterly of Applied Mathematics,  20, 4, 373-378.

Fry, B., K. Chao, S. Bannister, Z. Peng, dan L. Wallace, 2011, Deep tremor in New Zealand triggered by the 2010 Mw8.8 Chile earthquake, Geophys. Res. Lett., 38, L15306, doi:10.1029/2011GL048319.

Fuchs, F., M. Lupi, dan S. A. Miller, 2014, Remotely triggered nonvolcanic tremor in Sumbawa, Indonesia, Geophys. Res. Lett., 41, 4185–4193, doi:10.1002/2014GL060312.

Gibbons, S. J., dan F. Ringdal, 2006, The detection of low magnitude seismic events using array-based waveform correlation, Geophys. J. Int., 165: 149–166. doi:10.1111/j.1365-246X.2006.02865.x.

GlobalCMT, 2010, Katalog Global CMT 06 April 2010, The Global Centroid-Moment-Tensor (CMT) Project, http://www.globalcmt.org/CMTsearch.html, diakses Januari 2016.

Goldstein, P. dan A. Snoke, 2005, SAC Availability for the IRIS Community, Incorporated Institutions for Seismology Data Management Center Electronic Newsletter.

Gomberg, J., J. L. Rubinstein, Z. Peng, K. C. Creager, J. E.Vidale, dan P. Bodin, 2008, Widespread triggering of non-volcanic tremor in California, Science, 319, 5860, 173, doi: 10.1126/science.1149164.

Hanifa, N. R., T. Sagiya, F. Kimata, J. Efendi, H. Z. Abidin, dan I. Meilano, 2014, Interplate coupling model off the southwestern coast of Java, Indonesia, based on continuous GPS data in 2008–2010, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 401, 159–171, doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2014.06.010.

 

Harris, D., 2006, Subspace detectors: Theory, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Rep. UCRL-TR-222758, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California.

Harris, D. B., 1991, A waveform correlation method for identifying quarry explosions, Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am., 81, 6, 2395-2418.

Hayes, G., 2010, Finite Fault Model: Updated Result of the Apr 6, 2010 Northern Sumatra Earthquake, United States Geological Survey, http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/eqinthenews/2010/us2010utc5/finite_fault2.php, diakses Januari 2016.

Hayes, G. P., D. J. Wald, dan R. L. Johnson, 2012, Slab1.0: A three-dimensional model of global subduction zone geometries, J. Geophys. Res., 117, B01302, doi:10.1029/2011JB008524.

Hill, D. P., dan S. Prejean, 2015, Dynamic triggering, di H. Kanamori (editor) volume 4: Earthquake Seismology, Treatise on Geophysics, edisi kedua, (G. Schubert, ketua editor), Elsevier, Oxford, doi: 10.1016/B978-0-444-53802-4.00078-6.

Huang, H., L. Meng, M. Plasencia, Y. Wang, L. Wang, M. Xu, 2016, Matched-filter detection of the missing pre-mainshock events and aftershocks in the 2015 Gorkha, Nepal earthquake sequence, Tectonophysics, in press, corrected proof, doi: 10.1016/j.tecto.2016.08.018.

Hurukawa, N., 1998, The 1995 off-Etorofu earthquake: Joint relocation of foreshocks, the mainshock, and aftershocks and implications for the earthquake nucleation process, Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am., 88, 5, 1112-1126.

Hurukawa, N., 2010, Aftershock Distribution and the Mainshock’s Fault Plane by the MJHD Method: Application to April 6, 2010 Northern Sumatra, Indonesia Earthquake, International Institute of Seismology and Earthquake Engineering, http://iisee.kenken.go.jp/special/20100406sumatra/20100406Sumatra-MJHD.pdf, diakses Januari 2016.

Ide, S., A. Baltay, dan G. C. Beroza, 2011, Shallow dynamic overshoot and energetic deep rupture in the 2011 Mw 9.0 Tohoku-oki earthquake, Science, 332, 6036, 1426-1429, doi: 10.1126/science.1207020.

Ito, Y., K. Obara, K. Shiomi, S. Sekine, dan H. Hirose, 2007, Slow Earthquakes Coincident with Episodic Tremors and Slow Slip Events, Science, 315, 5811, 503-506, doi: 10.1126/science.1134454.

ISC, 2015, Online bulletin of the International Seismological Center, International Seismological Centre, http://www.isc.ac.uk/iscbulletin/search/, diakses Januari 2016.

IRIS, 2010, Earthquake Report Magnitude 7.7 Northern Sumatra, Indonesia, Tuesday, April 6, 2010 at 22:15:02 UTC, Incorporated Research Institutions for Seismology, http://www.iris.edu/hq/files/programs/passcal/retm/tm_100406_sumatra/100406_sumatra.pdf, diakses Januari 2016.

Jones, L. M., 1984, Foreshocks (1966–1980) in the San Andreas system, California, Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am., 74, 4, 1361–1380.

Jones, L. M., dan P. Molnar, 1979, Some characteristics of foreshocks and their possible relationship to earthquake prediction and premonitory slip on faults, J. Geophys. Res., 84(B7), 3596–3608, doi:10.1029/JB084iB07p03596.

Kanamori, H., 1981, The Nature of Seismicity Patterns Before Large Earthquakes, di D. W. Simpson dan P. G. Richards (editor), Earthquake Prediction, American Geophysical Union, Washington D. C., doi: 10.1029/ME004p0001.

Kanamori, H., 2008, Earthquake physics and real-time seismology, Nature, 451, 271-273, doi:10.1038/nature06585.

Kao, H., S. –J. Shan, H. Dragert, G. Rogers, J. F. Cassidy dan K. Ramachandran, 2005, A wide depth distribution of seismic tremors along the northern Cascadia margin, Nature, 436, 841-844, doi:10.1038/nature03903.

Kao, H. dan S. -J. Shan, 2004, The Source-Scanning Algorithm: mapping the distribution of seismic sources in time and space, Geophys. J. Int., 157, 589–594, doi:10.1111/j.1365-246X.2004.02276.x.

Kato, A., dan S. Nakagawa, 2014, Multiple slow-slip events during a foreshock sequence of the 2014 Iquique, Chile Mw 8.1 earthquake, Geophys. Res. Lett., 41, 5420–5427, doi:10.1002/2014GL061138.

Kato, A., J. Fukuda, dan K. Obara, 2013, Response of seismicity to static and dynamic stress changes induced by the 2011 M9.0 Tohoku-Oki earthquake, Geophys. Res. Lett., 40, 3572–3578, doi:10.1002/grl.50699.

Kato, A., J. Fukuda, S. Nakagawa, dan K. Obara, 2016, Foreshock migration preceding the 2016 Mw 7.0 Kumamoto earthquake, Japan, Geophys. Res. Lett., 43, doi:10.1002/2016GL070079.

Kato, A., K. Obara, T. Igarashi, H. Tsuruoka, S. Nakagawa, dan N. Hirata, 2012, Propagation of slow slip leading up to the 2011 Mw 9.0 Tohoku-Oki earthquake, Science, 335, 6069, 705-708, doi:10.1126/science.1215141.

Kieling, K., D. Roessler dan F. Kueger, 2011, Receiver function study in northern Sumatra and the Malaysian peninsula, Journal of Seismology, 15, 235-259, doi:10.1007/s10950-010-9222-7.

Lin, A., B. Fu, J. Guo, Q. Zeng, G. Dang, W. He, dan Y. Zhao, 2002, Co-seismic strike-slip and rupture length produced by the 2001 Central Kunlun earthquake, Science, 296, 5575, 2015-2017, doi:10.1126/science.1070879.

Madlazim dan T. Prastowo,  2016, Evaluation of earthquake parameter used in the Indonesian Tsunami Early Warning System, Earthquake Science, 29: 27, doi:10.1007/s11589-016-0143-6.

McCaffrey, R., 2009, The Tectonic framework of the Sumatran Subduction Zone, Annu. Rev. Earth Planet. Sci., 37, 345–366, doi:10.1146/annurev.earth.031208.100212.

McGuire, J. J., M. S. Boettcher, dan T. H. Jordan, 2005, Foreshock sequences and earthquake predictability on East Pacific rise transform faults, Nature, 434, 457-461, doi:10.1038/nature03377.

Meng, X., X. Yu, Z. Peng, dan B. Hong, 2012, Detecting earthquakes around Salton Sea following the 2010 Mw 7. 2 El Mayor-Cucapah earthquake using GPU parallel computing, Procedia Comp. Sci. 9, 937–946, doi:10.1016/j.procs.2012.04.100.

Meng, X., Z. Peng, dan J. L. Hardebeck, 2013, Seismicity around Parkfield correlates with static shear stress changes following the 2003 Mw 6.5 San Simeon earthquake, J. Geophys. Res. Solid Earth, 118, 3576–3591, doi:10.1002/jgrb.50271.

Mignan, A., 2014, The debate on the prognostic value of earthquake foreshocks: a meta-analysis. Sci. Rep. 4, 4099, doi:10.1038/srep04099.

Miller, S.A., 2013, The role of fluids in tectonic and earthquake processes, Advances in Geophysics, 54, 1–46, doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-380940-7.00001-9.

Miyazawa, M. dan E. E. Brodsky, 2008, Deep low-frequency tremor that correlates with the passing surface waves, J. Geophys. Res., 113, B01307, doi:10.1029/2006JB004890.

Miyazawa, M. dan J. Mori, 2005, Detection of triggered deep low-frequency events from the 2003 Tokachi-oki earthquake, Geophys. Res. Lett., 32, L10307, doi:10.1029/2005GL022539.

Miyazawa, M. dan J. Mori, 2006, Evidence suggesting fluid flow beneath Japan due to periodic seismic triggering from the 2004 Sumatra-Andaman earthquake, Geophys. Res. Lett., 33, L05303, doi:10.1029/2005GL025087.

Mogi, K., 1963, Some discussions on aftershocks, foreshocks and earthquake swarms – the fracture of a semi-infinite body caused by an inner stress origin and its relation to the earthquake phenomena, Bull. Earthq. Res. Inst. Univ. Tokyo, 41, 615–658.

Mogi, K., 1967, Effect of intermediate principal stress on rock failure, J. Geophys. Res., 72, 20, 5117–5131, doi:10.1029/JZ072i020p05117.

Mogi, K., 1968, Source locations of elastic shocks in the fracturing process in rocks, Bull. Earthq. Res. Inst., Univ. Tokyo, 46, 1103–1125.

Nadeau, R. M. dan D. Dolenc, 2005, Nonvolcanic tremors deep beneath the San Andreas Fault, Science, 307, 5708, 389, doi: 10.1126/science.1107142.

Nakamura, W., N. Uchida, dan T. Matsuzawa, 2016, Spatial distribution of the faulting types of small earthquakes around the 2011 Tohokuoki earthquake: A comprehensive search using template events, J. Geophys. Res. Solid Earth, 121, 2591–2607, doi:10.1002/2015JB012584.

Obara, K., 2002, Nonvolcanic deep tremor associated with subduction in southwest Japan, Science, 296, 5573, 1679-1681, doi:10.1126/science.1070378.

Obara, K. dan A. Kato, 2016, Connecting slow earthquakes to huge earthquakes, Science, 353, 6296, 253-257, doi: 10.1126/science.aaf1512.

Peng, Z. dan K. Chao, 2008, Non-volcanic tremor beneath the Central Range in Taiwan triggered by the 2001 Mw 7.8 Kunlun earthquake, Geophys. J. Int., 175: 825–829. doi:10.1111/j.1365-246X.2008.03886.x.

Peng, Z., dan J. Gomberg, 2010, An integrated perspective of the continuum between earthquakes and slow‐slip phenomena, Nature Geoscience, 3, 599–607, doi:10.1038/ngeo940.

Peng, Z., dan P. Zhao, 2009, Migration of early aftershocks following the 2004 Parkfield earthquake, Nature Geoscience, 2, 877–881, doi:10.1038/ngeo697.

Peng, Z., J. E. Vidale, K. C. Creager, J. L. Rubinstein, J. Gomberg, dan P. Bodin, 2008, Strong tremor near Parkfield, CA excited by the 2002 Denali earthquake, Geophys. Res. Lett., 35, L23305, doi:10.1029/2008GL036080.

Rogers, G. dan H. Dragert, 2003, Episodic tremor and slip on the Cascadia subduction zone: the chatter of silent slip, Science, 300, 5627, 1942-1943, doi:10.1126/science.1084783.

Rubinstein, J. L., J. E.Vidale, J. Gomberg, P. Bodin, K. C. Creager, dan S. Malone, 2007, Non-volcanic tremor driven by large transient shear stresses, Nature, 448, 579-582, doi:10.1038/nature06017.

Sandwell, D. T., R. D. Müller, W. H. F. Smith, E. Garcia, dan R. Francis, 2014, New global marine gravity model from CryoSat-2 and Jason-1 reveals buried tectonic structure, Science, 346, 6205, 65-67, doi: 10.1126/science.1258213.

Schwartz, S. Y. dan J. M. Rokosky, 2007, Slow slip events and seismic tremor at circum- Pacific subduction zones, Rev. Geophys., 45, RG3004, doi:10.1029/2006RG000208.

Shelly, D. R., G. C. Beroza, dan S. Ide, 2007, Non-volcanic tremor and low-frequency earthquake swarms, Nature, 446, 305-307, doi:10.1038/nature05666.

Sianipar, D. S. dan F. D. Raharjo,  2015, Model Kecepatan Lokal Gelombang P Satu Dimensi Wilayah Toba, Prosiding Seminar Nasional Fisika Universitas Andalas (SNFUA) 2015.

Sugan, M., A. Kato, H. Miyake, S. Nakagawa, dan A. Vuan, 2014, The preparatory phase of the 2009 Mw 6.3 L’Aquila earthquake by improving the detection capability of low-magnitude foreshocks, Geophys. Res. Lett., 41, 6137–6144, doi:10.1002/2014GL061199.

Sun, W. -F., Z. Peng, C. -H. Lin dan K. Chao, 2015, Detecting deep tectonic tremor in Taiwan with a dense array, Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am., 105, 3, 1349-1358, doi: 10.1785/0120140258.

Tsang, L. L. H., A. J. Meltzner, B. Philibosian, E. M. Hill, J. T. Freymueller, dan K. Sieh, 2015, A 15 year slow-slip event on the Sunda megathrust offshore Sumatra, Geophys. Res. Lett., 42, 6630–6638, doi:10.1002/2015GL064928.

USGS, 2010a, Bulletin of Magnitude 7.8 Northern Sumatra, Indonesia 2010 April 06 22:15:02 UTC, United States Geological Survey, http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/eqinthenews/2010/us2010utc5/#scitech, diakses Januari 2016.

USGS, 2010b, USGS Energy and Broadband Solution, Northern Sumatra, Indonesia 10/04/06, 22:15:02 UTC, United States Geological Survey, http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/eqinthenews/2010/us2010utc5/neic_utc5_e.php, diakses Januari 2016.

Van Trees, H. L., K. L. Bell dan Z. Tian, 1968, Detection Estimation and Modulation Theory, Part I: Detection, Estimation, and Filtering Theory, edisi kedua, John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York.

Waldhauser, F., 2001, HypoDD: A computer program to compute double-difference earthquake locations, USGS Open File Rep., 01-113.

Waldhauser, F. dan W. L. Ellsworth, 2000, A double-difference earthquake location algorithm: Method and application to the northern Hayward fault, Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am., 90, 6, 1353-1368, doi: 10.1785/0120000006.

Walter, J. I., X. Meng, Z. Peng, S. Y. Schwartz, A. V. Newman, dan M. Protti, 2015, Far-field triggering of foreshocks near the nucleation zone of the 5 September 2012 (Mw 7.6) Nicoya Peninsula, Costa Rica earthquake, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 431, 75-86, doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2015.09.017.

Wang, J. -H., 2016, A mechanism causing b‐value anomalies prior to a mainshock, Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am., 106, 4, 1663-1671, doi: 10.1785/0120150335.

Wells, D. L. dan K. J. Coppersmith, 1994, New empirical relationships among magnitude, rupture width, rupture area, and surface displacement, Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am., 84, 4, 974-1002.

Whalen, A. D., H. G. Booker dan N. Declaris, 1971, Detection of Signals in Noise, Elsevier Inc., New York.

Wessel, P., W. H. F. Smith, R. Scharroo, J. Luis dan F. Wobbe, 2013, Generic Mapping Tools: improved version released, Eos Trans. AGU, 94(45), 409, doi:10.1002/2013EO450001.

Wiemer, S., 2001, A software package to analyze seismicity: ZMAP, Seismo. Res. Lett., 72, 3, doi:10.1785/gssrl.72.3.373.

Wu, C., J. Gomberg, E. Ben-Naim, dan P. Johnson, 2014a, Triggering of repeating earthquakes in central California, Geophys. Res. Lett., 41, 1499–1505, doi:10.1002/2013GL059051.

Wu, C., X. Meng, Z. Peng, dan Y. Ben-Zion, 2014b, Lack of spatio-temporal localization of foreshocks before the 1999 Mw7.1 Duzce, Turkey earthquake, Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am., 104, 1, 560–566, doi:10.1785/0120130140.

Yagi, Y., R. Okuwaki, B. Enescu, S. Hirano, Y. Yamagami, S. Endo, dan T. Komoro, 2014, Rupture process of the 2014 Iquique Chile Earthquake in relation with the foreshock activity, Geophys. Res. Lett., 41, 4201–4206, doi:10.1002/2014GL060274.

Yang, H., L. Zhu, dan R. Chu, 2009, Fault-plane determination of the 18 April 2008 Mt. Carmel, Illinois, earthquake by detecting and relocating aftershocks, Bull. of Seismol. Soc. Am., 99, 6, 3413-3420, doi:10.1785/0120090038.

Yoon, C. E., O. O’Reilly, K. J. Bergen, dan G. C. Beroza, 2015, Earthquake detection through computationally efficient similarity search, Science Advances, 1, 11, e1501057, doi:10.1126/sciadv.1501057.

Zhang, M., dan L. Wen, 2015, An effective method for small event detection: Match and locate (M&L), Geophys. J. Int., 200, 3, 1523–1537, doi:10.1093/gji/ggu466.

Zhao, L. -F., X. -B. Xie, W. -M. Wang, Z. -X. Yao, 2014, The 12 February 2013 North Korean Underground Nuclear Test, Seism. Res. Lett., 85, 1, 130-134, doi: 10.1785/0220130103.

Yang belum masuk (terbaru)

Hasegawa_Yoshida_Geo_Lett_2015

Cheng_Wong_BSSA_2016

Kato_etal_SR_2016

Advertisements
%d bloggers like this: